For the purpose of the Energy Industry Act, electric utility companies are all companies and businesses that supply consumers with electrical energy, regardless of legal form and ownership structure. Companies and businesses that are only partially engaged in the supply of electricity, are also classified as electric utility companies.
Electrical energy refers to the potential of the electrical current to perform, for example, mechanical work or to give off heat or emit light. Electrical work is the product of electrical power and the time during which it is supplied. In the GDP, electrical work is usually given in gigawatt hours (GWh) or terawatt hours (1 TWh = 1,000 GWh = 1 million MWh).
Electrical load is used to refer to devices, equipment and facilities that consume electrical energy.
Electrical power in the physical sense, as product of current and voltage, is an instantaneous value. When indicating an instantaneous value, the point in time (date and time) must be specified. In the electricity industry mean power for defined periods of time (measurement time, e.g. fifteen minutes or one hour) are used in addition to instantaneous values. In the GDP, electrical power is usually given in megawatts (MW) or gigawatts (1 GW = 1,000 MW).
The electricity supply network covers the entirety of the facilities linked to one another for the transmission or distribution of electrical energy. For the purposes of differentiation, it can be given different names according to various criteria including control area, task, operational mode, voltage or ownership. Unitary nominal voltages or types of current (direct current or polyphase alternating current) are also often used as additional criteria to differentiate between networks.
The term used to refer to the transition in German energy policy, moving away from nuclear and coal power and to a sustainable energy infrastructure by means of renewable energy, energy efficiency and sustainable development.
The ‘Law on the Electricity and Gas Supply’ (Gesetz über die Elektrizitäts- und Gasversorgung, also known as the Energiewirtschaftsgesetz or the Energy Industry Act) from 7 July 2005 contains basic regulations of grid-based energy. The aim of the law is to provide the public with a grid-bound supply of electricity and gas that is as safe, low-priced, user friendly, efficient and environmentally-friendly as possible and which is increasingly based on renewable energy sources. Furthermore, it aims to ensure competition for the supply of electricity and gas, safeguard reliable energy grids and implement legislation from the European Community concerning energy supply.
ENTSO-E is the association of European Transmission System Operators for Electricity. The association comprises 41 transmission system operators (TSOs) from 34 countries; it was founded in December 2008. Its main tasks are determining common security standards and publishing a ten year plan for network development (-> TYNDP). Furthermore, ENTSO-E develops commercial and technical network codes in order to guarantee the safety and reliability of the network and to ensure energy efficiency. The previous associations ATSOI, BALTSO, ETSO, NORDEL, UCTE and UKTSOA passed their activities on to ENTSO-E in mid-2009. https://www.entsoe.eu